Even if you are someone who practices a strict Routine AM and PMis consistent with your skin care and follows all the rules, acne it can still affect you. But did you know that acne is not just one type? There are several types of acne, as well as the causes. As such, knowing the cause can help you treat acne better and faster.
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Dermatologist Dr. Manasi Shirolikar recently shared a breakdown of the different types of acne and their reasons on his Instagram profile. “With the advent of the Internet, treating acne has become very easy: there is a solution for almost every account,” the post captioned. The expert also added that you can even have two types of acne together and knowing the type can help to treat it effectively.
The dermatologist divided the types of acne into four degrees. Grade 1 acne is “seen on the skin as black and white spots” that are caused by a “blockage of the hair follicles by sebum and dead skin cells,” her publication explained.
Grade 2 is the type in which “reddish bumps or boils, along with black and white spots” are seen on the skin. This type is caused by inflammation which is the result of bacterial growth that leads to even more redness and swelling.
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The next degree of acne, grade 3, is the type in which red bumps or boils appear on the skin. These have no head, and you see a pus discharge. Dr. Shirolikar explained that this occurs when “bacterial growth causes the formation of pus that leads to the development of pustules.”
Finally, grade 4 is the painful type acne where skin-colored bumps under the skin are seen that may also turn red. These do not have “any” unlike grade 3. This type of acne is the result of a long-lasting inflammation that causes the collection of pus, which leads to the formation of a cyst a nude.
The dermatologist also offered solutions for each degree of acne:
Grade 1: salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, adapalene
Grade 2: topical antibiotics (clindamycin and nadifloxacin)
Grade 3: oral antibiotics (doxycycline, minocycline)
Grade 4: oral retinoids (isotretinoin)
As the doctor also warned, topical antibiotics, oral antibiotics, topical retinoids and oral retinoids should only be used under the guidance of a dermatologist.
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