Ten weeks after the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the UN Security Council issued its first presidential statement, adopted by consensus, including Russia, which did not speak of “war”, “conflict” or “invasion”. Instead, he referred to the conflict as a “dispute.”
This is the first UNSC statement adopted unanimously, and it is significant that it was carried out under the presidency of the United States – holding the rotating presidency of the UNSC in May – and Russia joined with the language widely perceived as significant. ” aiguat “.
That statement comes as Russian forces resumed their attacks in Ukraine on Saturday ahead of Victory Day festivities in Moscow on Monday.
India is a non-permanent member of the UNSC. In his statement, he made two important and new statements: first, he said that “diplomacy will be a lasting victim.”
“India remains on the side of peace and therefore believes that there will be no winning side in this conflict and, although those affected by this conflict will continue to suffer, diplomacy will be a lasting victim,” the representative said. Permanent Assembly of India to the UN TS Tirumurti. he said early Friday.
Adopted: #UNSC Presidential statement on # Ukraine. The SC expresses deep concern for the maintenance of #pau and security in Ukraine and strong support for @antonioguterresefforts to find a peaceful solution.
Presidential statement⬇️ pic.twitter.com/mnJXcIKteR
– United Arab Emirates Mission to the UN (@UAEMissionToUN) May 7, 2022
Second, he said that humanitarian aid to Ukraine should not be subject to restrictions on food exports. Sources said that while World Food Program aid is exempt from taxes, aid from individual countries, including India, is subject to tax. That shouldn’t happen, sources said.
Tirumurti said: “Oil prices are skyrocketing and there is a shortage of food grains and fertilizers. This has had a disproportionate impact on the global South and developing countries. We recognize the efforts made by the Secretary-General, especially the conclusions of The Global Crisis Response Group’s work team welcomes its recommendation to exempt food export restrictions from WFP’s immediate food purchases for humanitarian assistance. that similar exemptions be provided to all Member States and relevant stakeholders, which contribute to this global humanitarian effort. “
The first UNSC statement, which was approved, said that the Security Council “expresses its deep concern for the maintenance of peace and security in Ukraine” and “recalls that all member states have committed themselves, under the Charter of the United Nations, the obligation to resolve its international disputes by peaceful means ”.
The four-line statement did not mention the US-led description of events in Ukraine — war, invasion, or conflict — nor did it mention a “special military operation,” as described by Russia.
Today, for the first time, the Security Council has spoken with one voice for peace in Ukraine.
As I have often said, the world must unite to silence weapons and defend its values @I Letter.
– António Guterres (@antonioguterres) May 6, 2022
Russia, which has veto power in the council, has blocked all past attempts to adopt a presidential declaration or a resolution that requires unanimity.
Sources said this was the “language of compromise” that has been reached after weeks of negotiations. The UNSC also expressed “strong support” for the “efforts” of UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres to find a peaceful solution to the 10-week “dispute”. He asked Guterres to inform members “in due course.”
Getting USA, Russia on the same page
UNSC’s first statement on the conflict is seen as a starting point for talks. While there will be criticism of the language, it could provide room for diplomacy.
Guterres had recently visited Moscow and Kyiv and had met with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy.
Although it had reached an agreement for the evacuation of civilians from the besieged southeastern port city of Mariupol and the Azovstal steel plant where the latest Ukrainian forces are resisting, this diluted UNSC statement is a effort to calm temperatures and get conflicting sides to start talking, sources said.
This is also important for the UN Secretary-General, as the UN has been seen as marginalized in the midst of the conflict in the heart of Europe.
After the UNSC statement, Guterres said: “Today, for the first time, the Security Council spoke with a voice for peace in Ukraine … As I have often said, the world must unite to silence weapons and defending UN values.
Norway and Mexico had drafted and forwarded the statement.
The language of the resolution contrasts sharply with previous UN-approved ones. For example, on March 2, the UN General Assembly had voted 141-5 and 35 abstentions in favor of a resolution calling for an immediate ceasefire in Russia, the withdrawal of all its forces and the protection of all civilians.
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With a similar vote on March 24, it passed a 140-5 resolution with 38 abstentions blaming Russia for the humanitarian crisis in Ukraine and calling for an immediate ceasefire and protection for millions of civilians and critical homes, schools and hospitals for to their survival. .
The General Assembly voted by a narrow margin — 93 to 24 in favor and 58 abstentions — on April 7 to suspend Russia from the Geneva-based Human Rights Council, the main UN rights body. accusations of horrific violations of rights by Russian soldiers in Ukraine, which the United States and Ukraine have called equivalent to war crimes.
India has consistently abstained on all resolutions so far, trying to maintain a diplomatic balance between the two sides. However, he condemned the killing of civilians in Bucha and called for an independent investigation.